Toxic Plants

My bird likes to eat plants. Should I be worried?
Many birds naturally eat plants as part of their diet. Birds will chew on and possibly consume plants in the course of play and curiosity. It is important for owners to be aware of which plants are safe to birds. Few actual studies are available in regard to plant toxicity and specific species of birds and so we should err on the side of caution. Some plants will just make a bird sick and some can kill. (see – Toxic Plants handout)

Which Plants?
The following list of indoor and outdoor plants catalogues many of the plants considered to be potentially toxic. If there is concern regarding specific plants not listed here then consult your avian veterinarian, a local Poison Control Center, or a reputable plant nursery for more information. Some plants have been included on this list even if there is a remote possibility of concern.

  • Alderberry Buckthorn
  • Bleeding Heart or
  • Chinaberry Tree
  • Aloe Vera
  • Dutchman’s Breeches
  • Chinese Evergreen
  • Amaryllis
  • Bloodroot
  • Chinese Lantern
  • American Yew
  • Blue Bonnets
  • Christmas Cactus
  • Andromeda japonica
  • Blue-green Algae
  • Christmas Candle
  • Anemone
  • Bottle Brush
  • AŶgel͛s Tƌuŵpet
  • Boxwood
  • Christmas Cherry (berries)
  • Apple (seeds)
  • Bracken Fern
  • Christmas Rose
  • Apricot (pit, leaves and Bark)
  • Branching Ivy
  • Chrysanthemum
  • Asparagus fern
  • Buckeye
  • Cineraria
  • Autumn Crocus (Meadow
  • Buckthorn
  • Clematis
  • Saffron)
  • Buddhist Pine
  • Coffee Plants
  • Avocado (fruits ,pit and
  • Bulb Flowers
  • Coral Plant
  • leaves)
  • Burdock
  • Cordatum
  • Azalea
  • Buttercup
  • Corn Plant
  • Cowslip
  • Babies Breath
  • Cadelabra Tree
  • Crocus
  • Baby Doll Ti
  • Caladium
  • Croton
  • Balsam Pear
  • Calico Bush
  • Crown of Thorns
  • Baneberry
  • Calla Lily
  • Crown Vetch
  • Bean Plants
  • Cardinal Flower
  • Cyclamen
  • Belladona
  • Castor Bean (Castor Oil Plant)
  • Bird of Paradise
  • Catclaw (twigs and leaves)
  • Daffodil
  • Bittersweet
  • Ceriman
  • Daisy
  • Bitter Melon
  • Chalice Vine or Trumpet Vine
  • Daphne
  • Black Elderberry (not berry)
  • Cherry Trees (leaves, bark,
  • Datura (berries)
  • Black Locus
  • seeds – Not pulp of fruit)
  • Day Lilly
  • China Doll
  • Deadly Nightshade
  • Death Amanita
  • Heliotrope (leaves)
  • Lords-and-Ladies
  • Death cap mushrooms
  • Hemlock (Poison and Water)
  • Lupine or Blue Bonnets
  • Death Camas
  • Henbane
  • Delphinium
  • Hibiscus
  • Mandrake
  • Devil’s Ivy
  • Hogwort
  • Marble Queen
  • Dieffenbachia
  • Holly
  • Marijuana
  • Dracaena Palm
  • Honey Locust
  • May Apple or Mandrake
  • Dragon Tree
  • Honeysuckle
  • Mescal Bean
  • Dutchman’s Breeches
  • Horse Beans
  • Mexican Breadfruit
  • Egg-Plant leaves
  • Horse Chestnut
  • Milkweed
  • Elderberry
  • Horse Nettle
  • Miniature Croton
  • Elephant’s Ear (Taro)
  • Horsetail
  • Mistletoe
  • Emerald Feather
  • Hurricane Plant
  • Mock Orange
  • English Holly
  • Hyacinth
  • Monkshood
  • English Ivy
  • Hydrangea
  • Moonseed
  • English Yew
  • Morning Glory
  • Ergot
  • Impatiens
  • Eucalyptus
  • Indian Laurel
  • Mountain Laurel
  • Euphorbia
  • Indian Rubber Plant
  • Mushrooms (Amanita, other
  • European Pennyroyal
  • Indian Turnip
  • wild species)
  • Euonymus
  • Iris
  • Evergreen (most)
  • Ivy (Boston, English + some
  • Narcissus
  • others)
  • Needle Point Ivy
  • False Hellebore
  • Nephthytis
  • Felt Plant
  • Jack-In-The-Pulpit
  • Nettles
  • Fiddle Leaf fig
  • Japanese Yew
  • Nightshades
  • Fig (sap)
  • Jasmine
  • Norfolk Pine
  • Firethorn
  • Java Bean (Glorybean)
  • Nutmeg
  • Flame Tree
  • Jequirity Bean
  • Flamingo Plant
  • Jerusalem Cherry
  • Oak
  • Fluffy Ruffles
  • Jessamine, Yellow (leaves,
  • Oleander
  • Fly Agaric Mushrooms
  • stem)
  • Four O’clock
  • Jimson weed
  • Paradise Plant
  • Foxglove
  • Jonquil
  • Parsnip Plant
  • Fruit Salad Plant
  • Juniper
  • Parsley (in excess)
  • Peace Lily Peach (pits, bark
  • Geranium
  • Kentucky Coffee Tree
  • and leaves)
  • German Ivy
  • Pear (leaves, seeds, bark)
  • Ginko
  • Lantana
  • Pencil Cactus
  • Glacier Ivy
  • Larkspur
  • Pencil Tree
  • Gladiola
  • Laurels
  • Penny royal
  • Glory Lilly
  • Lily (many species, Tiger,
  • Peony
  • Golden Chain
  • Easter, Oriental..etc).
  • Periwinkle
  • Ground Cherry
  • Lily-Of-The-Valley
  • Peyote
  • Lobelia
  • Philodendron
  • Hawaiian Baby
  • Locoweed
  • Pigweed
  • Hawaiian Ti
  • Locusts Honey
  • Plum (pit, bark and Leaves)
  • Heavenly Bamboo
  • Locusts, Black
  • Plumosa Fern
  • Poinsettia Poison Hemlock Poison Ivy
  • Sago Palm Sandbox Tree Schefflera
  • Virginia Creeper
  • Water Hemlock
  • Poison Oak
  • Poison Sumac Pokeweed Poncirus Poppies
  • Potato (new shoots, sprouts, leaves)
  • Pothos Precatory Bean Primrose Primula
  • Privet
  • Purple Sesbane
  • Shamrock Plant
  • Skunk Cabbage Snap Dragon Snow Flake Snowdrop
  • Snow-On-The-Mountain
  • Soloman’s Seal
  • Sorrel Spurges Spindle Tree (berries) Spurges
  • Star of Bethlehem String of Pearls (beads) Sweet Pea (plant)
  • Wattle
  • Waxberry Weeping Fig Western Yew White Cedar Wisteria
  • Yam Bean Yellow Jasmine
  • Yesterday, today, Tomorrow Plant
  • Yews Yucca
  • Ragwort Rain Tree
  • Ranuculus Buttercup Red Maple Rhododendron Rhubarb (leaves) Ribbon Plant
  • Rosary Peas Roseary Beans Rubber Plant
  • Sage
  • Taro Vine Tasy Ragwort Thornapple Tobacco Tobacco Tree
  • Tomato Plant (green fruit, stem, leaves)
  • Trumpet Vine Tulip
  • Verbena Vetch
  • If in doubt remove the plant!
  • Perches – Trees NOT to use
  • apricot cherry peach prune plum