dog vaccinations in Menomonee Falls

Recommended Canine Vaccines

Just like humans, pets need vaccines to keep their health at an optimum level. Dog vaccines can be broken down into two categories- core vaccines and non-core vaccines. 

Core vaccines are strongly recommended for every dog at every age due to their protection against highly contagious, life-threatening infections. Non-core vaccines are also called “lifestyle” vaccines and are recommended for animals with certain lifestyles based on their exposure to specific pathogens.

Core Dog Vaccines Based on AVMA/AAHA Recommendations

I. DHPP (Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza)

a. The above vaccination is a combination vaccine.

b. It is recommended to start this vaccine as early as six weeks of age and be administered in 2-4 week intervals until puppies are 16 weeks of age.

c. The first booster in the adult dog is at one year and is then followed by a booster every three years.

d. Antibody levels can be checked to measure the assessment of protective immunity against these viruses.

II. Rabies

a. Rabies is a fatal infection to both animals and humans and poses a significant zoonotic threat.

b. It is recommended to start this vaccine at 16 weeks of age – one vaccine is sufficient at this time. Most US states do not recognize a Rabies vaccine given at less than 12 weeks of age.

c. The first booster in the adult dog is at one year and is then followed by a booster every three years.

d. Antibody levels can be checked to measure the assessment of protective immunity against the Rabies virus; however this is not a substitute in the law’s eyes for a Rabies vaccine.

Legality regarding Rabies vaccines

Most US States legally require an animal to be always up to date on their Rabies vaccines.

In Wisconsin, if a dog bite occurs and the dog is current on their Rabies vaccine, the dog should be quarantined at home and have three exams performed within ten days. The final exam should be on day ten and performed by a licensed veterinarian. The dog is then released from quarantine. If a dog bite occurs and the dog is not current on their Rabies vaccine, they will need to be quarantined at a veterinary hospital or humane society. They will also receive three exams within ten days and will be vaccinated before release.

However, if a dog that is not up to date on its Rabies vaccine either dies or is humanely euthanized before the 10-day quarantine, the dog must be tested for rabies. The test can only be performed on brain tissue; therefore, the body needs to be shipped to a specific testing facility. This will likely delay the cremation or burial process by several weeks.

Non-Core vaccines based on AVMA/AAHA recommendations:

I. Bordetella

a. This vaccine protects against the Bordetella bacteria and parainfluenza virus that contribute to “kennel cough” in dogs.

b. This is considered a core vaccine for dogs that frequently encounter other dogs- this includes neighborhood walks, dog parks, doggy daycare, pet stores, grooming facilities, or training.

c. There are several forms of this vaccine, including oral, intranasal, or injectable.

d. It is recommended to start this vaccine as early as six weeks of age.

e. Bordetella is a yearly vaccine.

Canine Vaccine infographic
dog getting vaccination

Pet Vaccinations: The Vaccination Primer for Pet Owners

II. Canine Influenza

a. This vaccine protects against two strains of the canine influenza virus that can cause severe respiratory disease.

b. The Canine Influenza Vaccine is also considered a core vaccine for dogs that frequently encounter other dogs- this includes neighborhood walks, dog parks, doggy daycare, pet stores, grooming facilities, or training.

c. It is recommended to start this vaccine around eight weeks of age, and it requires two doses given 3-4 weeks apart.  

d. Canine Influenza is a yearly vaccine.

III. Leptospirosis

a. This vaccine protects against a bacteria that is spread in wildlife urine that can cause fatal liver and kidney disease.

b. The Leptospirosis vaccine is considered a core vaccine for all dogs that go outside but is most important for dogs that live in areas surrounded by wildlife (even suburbs) and dogs that frequently swim or drink from lakes.

c. It is recommended to start this vaccine around 12 weeks of age, and it requires two doses given 3-4 weeks apart.  

d. Leptospirosis is a yearly vaccine.

e. This vaccine has the highest frequency of vaccine reactions in small breed dogs. These are easily minimized by administering a dose of Benadryl before the vaccine.

IV. Lyme

a. This vaccine dramatically minimizes the risk that dogs will develop Lyme disease if they are bitten by a tick carrying the bacteria. This does not protect against exposure to Lyme disease.

b. Lyme vaccine is considered a core vaccine for all dogs that go outside but is most important for dogs that frequent wooded areas.

c. It is recommended to start this vaccine around 12 weeks of age, and it requires two doses given 3-4 weeks apart.  

d. Lyme is a yearly vaccine.

About Brook-Falls
Brook-Falls Veterinary Hospital and Exotic Care is dedicated to providing quality care to all companion pets and exotic animals. Brook-Falls is a Menomonee Falls, WI-based full-service veterinary hospital with an extensive range of comprehensive medical, dental, diagnostic, and surgical services to meet the varying needs of all patients. Brook-Falls Veterinary also offers informational and educational media and seminars for pet owners by way of blogs, digital TV series (Expert Veterinary Television), e-books, whitepapers, infographics, and more.
 
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